State Of The Tribes, New Evidence Proves That Protecting Eagle’s Nests Increases Reproduction, US-North Korean Relations

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Researchers have been studying data collected from a remote national park in Minnesota that has been testing how protecting Eagle’s nests from public disturbance affects reproduction rates. We talk to one professor closely involved in the project. We also discuss the State of the Tribes address. And Vice-President Mike Pence seemed to continue a frosty approach towards North Korea when he attended the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. But Washington now seems open to dialogue. We examine that seeming shift in American policy, and who is winning points on the international stage.

Featured in this Show

  • A Closer Look At The 2018 State Of The Tribes Address

    The 14th Annual State of the Tribes Address took place today at the Wisconsin State Capitol, with Gary Besaw, chairman of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin, giving the speech. We look at what was said and the issues that were brought up.

  • UW-Madison Study Finds Reason Behind Bald Eagle Recovery

    Scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison knew the bald eagle population grew by leaps and bounds over the last 50 years. They just didn’t know why.

    “One really important strategy that a number of agencies started implementing really around the 1960s, was the use of what was referred to as these buffer zones around nest sites,” said Ben Zuckerberg, an associate professor of forest and wildlife ecology at the UW-Madison. “Agencies would set up areas that would generally restrict human activity.”

    The idea was that any human disturbance — things like hunting, hiking, fishing or boating — can agitate eagles. Scientists believed this could cause eagles to abandon their nests.

    Looking back on that initiative, Zuckerberg and other scientists at UW-Madison wanted to see whether these buffer zones really made a difference in the overall eagle population. They teamed up with researchers from the National Park Service and U.S. Geological Survey to answer that question, focusing in on one location: Voyagers National Park, in northern Minnesota.

    Beginning in the 1990s, the park had begun to set up buffer zones along a handful of eagle nests, which tend to be atop tall trees near open bodies of water.

    “During the beginning of spring and into summer, they would set up these buffer zones once eagles had begun to establish these nests and start feeding their young,” Zuckerberg said. “So they wanted to protect them from any kind of activities that might interfere with some of those breeding activities.”

    The park tracked individual eagle nests through surveys beginning in the 1980s, noting where eagles were nesting, how well they were doing, and if their nests were successful.

    That kind of surveying made it possible for Zuckerberg and his colleagues to really see the change in population over time.

    “What we were able to really capture and be able to measure was that eagles were more likely to use a nest that was protected using these buffer zones a year before,” he said. “And those eagles that actually were able to nest in these areas, in these buffer zones, resulted in an almost 8 percent increase in their nesting success and a 13 percent increase in the number of young that they were able to produce per nest.”

    Those numbers seem small, but they add up.

    Zuckerberg said the eagle population increased by nearly 40 percent between 1991 and 2016, after the buffer zones were put into place.

    To Zuckerberg, the best part is that the buffer zone initiative was relatively simple and inexpensive.

    “To me, this is a nice story in a sense that all of conservation is not doom and gloom,” he said. “This recovery represents one of the continent’s most successful conservation stories. I think it also is an important tale in the sense that, when given support, both in terms of funds and environmental laws and protection, our conservation agencies can be very successful in what they do.”

  • New Developments in Eagle Protection

    The bald eagle population is still rebounding in the United States. But a new study from researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, the National Park Service and the U.S. Geological Survey found that protecting eagle nests from humans can help aid in their reproduction. We talk with one of the researchers about what this means.

  • The Current US Approach To Relations With North Korea

    Vice-President Mike Pence took the Trump administration’s hard-line approach to North Korea to the Olympic Games. But he soon sent different signals, indicating that Washington would be open to talks with Pyongyang. We talk with an expert on diplomacy on the Korean peninsula about that seeming shift in American policy, and who is winning points on the international stage.

Episode Credits

  • Judith Siers-Poisson Host
  • J. Carlisle Larsen Host
  • Rob Ferrett Host
  • Chris Malina Producer
  • Gretchen Brown Producer
  • Judith Siers-Poisson Producer
  • Richard Monette Guest
  • Benjamin Zuckerberg Guest
  • Uk Heo Guest