, ,

Guess hoo’s back? Despite a slow start to the season, snowy owls dazzle Wisconsin bird-watchers

'Snowies' sighted so far in Ashland, Superior and Marathon County

a white snowy owl going down a roof on top of a house
A snowy owl walks along a rooftop in a residential neighborhood where it’s been seen for over a week, Friday, Nov. 20, 2020, in Seattle. Snowy owls spend summers in the Arctic and many migrate in winter to southern Canada and the northern half of the contiguous United States, though more often in windswept fields or dunes than cities. Snowy owls are the largest by weight North American owl. Elaine Thompson/AP Photo

Autumn brings the first blankets of snow to Wisconsin each year, and with it the first sightings of the snowy owl.

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources conservation biologist Ryan Brady said the snowy owl’s bright white feathers and dazzling yellow eyes captivate experienced and novice bird-watchers alike.

“If they’re not obsessed about snowy owls, they’re pretty close,” he said of bird-watchers.

Stay informed on the latest news

Sign up for WPR’s email newsletter.

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Snowy owls, also known by the scientific name Bubo scandiacus, begin their yearly journey south from the far northern tundra where they nest in big, open areas in cold weather. In the fall, the young owls begin to go out on their own, looking for a winter territory that somewhat mimics the conditions of the Arctic. How far south they come depends on the year.

“It might be airports or other grasslands and fields,” Brady said. “Or it might be a shoreline that has waterfowl.”

This year, the first snowy owls that migrated to Wisconsin were spotted in October. So far this fall, they have been seen in Superior, Ashland and Marathon County. The start to snowy owl season has been slow this year, said Brady. In some years, dozens would have been seen by now.

Each year brings dozens to hundreds of “snowies” to Wisconsin, Brady said, although the numbers vary year to year with natural population changes.

“You get these big fluctuations from year to year in the number of snowy owls that are on the landscape, not just in Wisconsin, but the entire continent,” he said.

A white snowy owl sits in the snow in a field
A snowy owl sits in the stubble of a corn field as snow falls near Macy, Ind., Wednesday, Jan. 13, 2016. Michael Conroy/AP Photo

During the spring and summer nesting season, the owls feed mostly on lemmings, a small rodent usually found in the tundra. The availability of lemmings greatly affects the snowy owl population, Brady said.

“In some years snowy owls way up north in the Arctic will very successfully raise lots of young” before they begin to migrate for the fall and winter, he said.

While some fluctuation is natural, Brady said there could be cause for concern. The snowy owl is listed as “vulnerable” by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, just one step below “endangered.”

Brady has been tracking snowy owl sightings in the state over the past decade or so. He said although it’s not completely clear how climate change may be affecting the snowy owl, it is affecting the ecosystems in the tundra where they breed and nest. Other threats to the beloved bird include vehicle collisions, electrocution and poisoning by rodenticide.

Despite the slow start, spotting a snowy is still possible this year before they head back north around March or April, Brady said.

The best way to find one is to look in wide-open places like coastal beaches, agricultural fields and vast ice-covered bodies of water. Unlike other kinds of owls, snowy owls are active during the day, Brady said, making them easier to spot.

“A snowy owl is sitting in the open,” he said “It may even be flying around actively hunting during the day, and that brings us into contact with them.”

This story was inspired by a question shared with WHYsconsin. Submit your question below or at wpr.org/WHYsconsin and we might answer it.