Revolution spread through Central Eastern Europe at a terrific speed in 1989, and Communist regimes fell one right after another. Democracy's growth has proceeded much more slowly. Journalist Tina Rosenberg, in her Pulitzer-Prize winning book "The Haunted Land," describes the citizens of Poland, Germany, the Czech Republic and Slovakia as wanting retribution for their suffering. Rosenberg tells Steve Paulson that the attempt to match justice to injustice presents an ethical dilemma -- who's guilty, and who's a fair judge? Also economist Laslo Urban of the World Bank in Washington, D.C. tells Jim Fleming about business opportunity in the former Eastern Europe. The transition to a free-market is a success, but only in some of the countries, not all.SEGMENT 2:
In World War II hundreds of thousands of gypsies died in the Holocaust, and under the Communists the remaining gypsy communities were forced to assimilate into the larger culture. Journalist Isabel Fonseca, spurred by the discovery of gypsy ancestry, researched the gypsy world and wrote a book about them, "Bury Me Standing." She told Judith Strasser gypsies are still despised in many areas, and she wanted to clear up some of the misconceptions of Gypsies.SEGMENT 3:
What does freedom mean to people who've never had it? Czech author Iva Pekarkova (EE-vah Peh-KAR-koh-VAH) makes that question the center of her novel "Truck Stop Rainbows," which takes place right after the 1989 revolution. These days Pekarkova is a New York City taxi driver, but she tells Steve Paulson that some of her fictional story came right out of her own life.For cassette copies of this hour, call 1-800-747-7444, and ask for program number 04-28-A.
Secretary of State Warren Christopher recently announced his commitment to putting environmental issues "in the mainstream of American foreign policy." Maybe this will do for science what the space race did decades ago, and it's about time. Rafe Pomerance, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Envornment and Development tells Steve Paulson in this segment that environmental problems are as important now as Communism was during the Cold War.SEGMENT 2:
Presenting science isn't just a matter of foreign policy, or even of better high school textbooks. Nobel Prize-winning physicist Leon Lederman tells Judith Strasser about other ideas for catching the public fancy. He wants, for instance, to interest Hollywood in creating an "E.R." for general science, making popular drama out of scientific problems like global warming and the thinning ozone layer.SEGMENT 3:
One of the best current models for taking science to the people is the public television program NOVA. Linda Garmon is one of five NOVA producers, and has won an Emmy for her episode called "The Wild Child." She tells Judith Strasser how the producers decide what their topics will be. We'll also hear from the internationally acclaimed BBC science producer David Attenborough, who tells Jim Fleming about the beauty of time- lapse photography and how it changed his understanding of biology. His latest tv/publishing venture is "The Private Life of Plants."For cassette copies of this hour, call 1-800-747-7444, and ask for program number 04-28-B.
Being a teenager in America isn't what it used to be. Just look at the statistics: over 20% of teens live in poverty, every minute 12 kids drop out of school, and gunfire is now the second-leading cause of death for American children. journalist Edward Humes tells Judith Strasser how he volunteered as a writing teacher at L.A.'s Juvenile Hall. In his book "Now Matter How Loud I Shout" Humes follows the court system and the kids who go through it.SEGMENT 2:
Stephen O'Conner is a creative writing teacher in the New York City public schools. He tells Steve Paulson how in the beginning he shared the common view that kids didn't want to write, but he was surprised and pleased to discover they just didn't like what they were being asked to write about. Once he asked for something relevant to their lives, everything changed. Meanwhile, in Hawaii, David Nakada was discovering the value of wilderness expeditions for kids in transition. He tells Judith Strasser about the effects of this rite of passage.SEGMENT 3:
In Chicago teenagers do have a voice -- it's called "New Expression" and it's a newspaper written by teens for teens, with a press run of 60,000. Editorial Advisor Adolfo Mendez and managing editor Heather MacDonald, a high school senior, tell Jim Fleming about their newspaper, and why this paper is different from both the mainstream media and the high school paper.For cassette copies of this hour, call 1-800-747-7444, and ask for program number 04-28-C.