Political scientist Benjamin Barber sees two cultural trends in the contemporary world -- "jihad" or parochial fundamentalism and "McWorld" or global consumer capitalism. Barber tells Jim Fleming that these forces are in opposition to each other, but also need each other, and both undermine democracy. Barber's latest book is "Jihad vs. McWorld." Also, former State Department analyst Francis Fukuyama tells Steve Paulson that social trust is the hidden virtue in sucessful societies. Fukuyama's new book is "Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity."SEGMENT 2:
Mexican novelist and social critic Carlos Fuentes talks with Steve Paulson about the rifts in Mexican-American relations which, he says, can be attributed to contrasting national myths - Mexico's obsession with its tragic past and America's belief in its own innocence. Fuentes' latest novel is "Diana: The Goddess Who Hunts Alone."SEGMENT 3:
Writer and film-maker Ginu Kamani (gee' new kah mah' nee) has lived the clash of cultures. She was born in India but came to the United States as a teenager. She tells Judith Strasser that much of her fiction is set in India and talks about her experiences in both cultures.For cassette copies of this hour, call 1-800-747-7444, and ask for program number 01-21-A.
Environmental historian William Cronon tells Judith Strasser that the idea of "nature" is a human construction and that we must re-invent nature making a place for the human animal. There is a book from a seminar Cronon organized on this topic. It's called "Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature." Also, Jim Mason, author of "An Unnatural Order," tells Steve Paulson that he believes there is a place for nature devoid of a human presence and that all of our problems with nature result from humans' attitude of domination over other animals.SEGMENT 2:
Heidi Hadsell teaches social ethics at McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago and has spent a great deal of time in Brazil studying political and social movements. She tells Judith Strasser about the impact of commercial fishing on a tiny community of river dwellers along a tributary of the Amazon and how the people there are organizing to preserve their precarious lifestyle. Hadsell has an essay in a collection called "Ecological Resistance Movements" edited by Bron Raymond Taylor.SEGMENT 3:
Alistair McIntosh directs the graduate program at the Center for Human Ecology at the University of Edinburgh. He tells Jim Fleming that Scotland was forested until the English cleared the land for sheep in the eighteenth century and describes how local people, including the urban poor, are organizing to reclaim the land, uniting their efforts in support of ecological justice with the struggle for social justice. McIntosh is a contributor to "Ecological Resistance Movements," cited above.For cassette copies of this hour, call 1-800-747-7444, and ask for program number 01-21-B.
Keith Lockhart, conductor of the Boston Pops, tells Judith Strasser that classical music needs to change its packaging to attract and appeal to new audiences. But Leon Botstein, music director of the American Symphony Orchestra, thinks the theatrics are unnecessary. He tells Steve Paulson that the concert hall is a place for contemplating beauty. Also, pianist Laura Spitzer who tours the rural West with a piano and a van giving concerts in places like Goldfield, Nevada, tells Jim Fleming why she's glad she doesn't work in Carnegie Hall every night.SEGMENT 2:
English psychiatrist Anthony Storr explores the question of why music has the power to move us in his book "Music and the Mind," and in this conversation with Steve Paulson. Storr says it's because music reaches us on a more primitive level than other art forms.SEGMENT 3:
Historian Richard Lieberman tells Judith Strasser why the Steinway piano became the American piano -- a combination of technical innovations and brilliant marketing and promotion. Lieberman has written a history of America's premiere piano builders. It's called "Steinway and Sons."For cassette copies of this hour, call 1-800-747-7444, and ask for program number 01-21-C.